Foot-and-Mouth Disease

Foot-and-mouth disease (FMD), sometimes referred to as "hoof and mouth", is a highly contagious viral disease of pigs and other cloven-hooved animals such as cattle, sheep, and goats. FMD is not a public health concern and does not affect food safety. Signs of illness in affected animals include lameness or reluctance to move. Lesions may first appear as white ("blanched") skin in the area where the skin meets the hoof (around the coronary band). Blisters or vesicles more likely form on the coronary band, heel or space between the toes, but sometimes form on the snout or udder. Vesicles may rupture or hooves may slough off after several days.

The last FMD outbreak in the U.S. was in 1929; however, the disease is common in other parts of the world and therefore poses a risk to the U.S. If FMD is diagnosed in the U.S., the response would include controlled movement restrictions which will affect over-the-road transport of live animals and animal products (milk, colostrum, semen, embryos).